Childrens' Rights
The Convention on the Rights of the Child has 54 articles which set out the rights of every child in the world.:

 

The Right to an Education


Article 28:

Children have the right to education. Primary education should be free and all children should be required to attend. Secondary education should be accessible to every child.

Article 29:

Education should develop the child's personality, talents, mental and physical abilities. Children should learn to respect their own culture and that of others.

 

The Right to an Identity


Article 7:

Each child has the right to a name and nationality, to know his or her parents and be cared for by them.

Article 8:

The government has an obligation to protect the child's identity, name, nationality and family ties.

 

The Right to a Safe and Healthy Life

Article 6:

Every child has the right to life, and the government must do everything possible to make sure that children survive and develop.

Article 24:

Children have the right to the best possible level of health, and to access to health and medical services.

Article 27:

Children have the right to a decent standard of living.

 

Article 33:

Children have the right to protection from the use of drugs, and from being involved in their production and distribution

 

The Right to Special Care for the Disabled

Article 23:

Disabled children have the right to special care, education and training that will help them to enjoy a full and decent life.

 

The Right to Protection from Harmful Work

Article 31:

Children have the right to rest, leisure, play, and participation in cultural and artistic activities.

Article 32:

Children have the right to be protected from having to participate in work that threatens their health, education, or development

 

The Right to a Family

Article 5:

The government must respect the rights and responsibilities of parents to provide proper guidance for the children at different ages.

Article 9:

The child has the right to live with his or her parents unless this is not in the child's best interests. The child has the right to maintain contact with both parents if separated from one or both of them.

Article 10:

Children and their parents have the right to leave any country or enter their own country to be reunited.

Article 18:

Parents both have responsibility for raising the child, and the government shall support this.

Article 20:

Children without a family must be given special protection.

Article 21:

Where adoption is allowed, it shall be carried out in the best interests of the child.
 

The Right for Special Protection in Times of War

Article 22:

Children who are refugees, or seeking refugee status, are entitled to special protection.

Article 38:

Children under the age of 15 shall not take part in armed conflict. Children who are affected by armed conflict are entitled to special protection and care.

Article 39:

Children who have experienced armed conflict, torture, neglect or exploitation shall receive special treatment to help them recover.

 

The Right to Special Treatment if Arrested

Article 37:

No child shall be tortured, cruelly treated or put in prison without a reason. A child who is arrested has the right to help from the law and contact with his or her family.

Article 40:

Children in conflict with the law are entitled to assistance and treatment that respects their rights

 

The Right to Express Yourself and have Access to Information

Article 12:

Children have the right to express their opinions freely, and have their opinions listened to in matters that affect them.

Article 13:

Children have the right to express their views, obtain information and make ideas or information known.

Article 14:

Children have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, with the guidance of their parents.

Article 15:

Children have the right to meet with others, and to join or form associations.

Article 16:

Children have the right to protection from interference with privacy, family, home and correspondence.

Article 17:

Children shall have access to information from national and international sources. These materials should be beneficial, and those that are harmful to children should be discouraged.

 

The Right to Protection Against Abuse

Article 11:

The government must do everything possible to prevent the kidnapping or holding of children abroad by a parent or other person.

Article 19:

Children shall be protected from abuse and neglect. Governments shall provide programmes for the prevention of abuse and treatment of those who have been abused.

Article 34:

Children shall be protected from sexual abuse, including prostitution and involvement in pornography.

Article 35:

The government shall take appropriate measures to prevent the sale, trafficking and abduction of children.

 

The Right to Protection from Discrimination

Article 2:

All rights apply to all children, and children shall be protected from all forms of discrimination.

Article 30:

Children have the right, if members of a minority group, to practice their own culture, religion and language